The objective of the course is to teach students the characteristics of pathological walking. Students will also be taught specific competencies:

Understanding and knowing the causes of specific deviations of walking and possible ways to improve them.

Knowledge of walking aids, orthoses and prostheses, and their influence on walking.

Knowledge of walking characteristics in most frequent disorders, understanding of the causes of pathological walking, understanding of the integrity of movement during walking.

Possibility of clinical and kinesiological analysis of pathological walking.

Ability to choose an appropriate physical therapeutic process and tools, knowledge of possible therapeutic interventions to improve walking.

Application and interpretation of kinesiological and clinical walking analyses and other specific clinical tests for walking evaluation.

Specific deviations of walking patterns (torso displacement, increased lumbar lordosis, effects of extremities, abnormal hip rotations, excessive knee extension or flexion, dorsiflexion insufficiency, abnormal foot contact, abnormal foot rotations, disorder of the walking rhythm).

Influence of muscle contracture and other deformations, muscle weakness, sensibility disorder and pain during walking.

Neurological, biomechanical and energetic characteristics of walking in patients after stroke, patients with cerebral paralysis, Parkinson's disease, abrasion, paraplegia, vestibular disorders, peripheral neuropathy, lower extremity joint injuries, and elderly with reduced functional ability.

Walking aids (stick, crutches) and methods of walking with them, functional electrostimulation, orthoses and prostheses; biomechanics of walking with orthoses and prostheses.

Specific therapeutic interventions to improve walking (ergometry, sensory stimulation, FES).

Obavezna literatura:

  1. Perry J. Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function. SLACK Incorporated,. J Sports Sci Med. 2010;9(2):353.

  2. Prezentacije i bilješke s predavanja

Dopunska literatura:

  1. Whittle MW. Gait Analysis: An Introduction. 4. izd. Edinburgh, UK: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann; 2007. str. 101- 136, 177-218. (CD)

  2. Spivack BS. Evaluation and Management of Gait Disorders. New York, SAD: lnforma Health Care; 1995. str. 79-340.

  3. Hausdorff JM, Alexander NB. Gait Disorders: Evaluation and Management. Boca Raton, Florida, SAD: Taylor & Francis; 2005.

  4. Houglum PA. Therapeutic Exercise for Musculoskeletal Injuries. 2. izd. Champaign, Illinois, SAD: Human Kinetics; 2005. str. 355-89.

  5. Shumway-Cook A, Woolacott MH. Motor Control: Translating Research into Clinical Practice. 3. izd. Philadelphia, SAD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007. str. 359-440.

  6. Gage JR. The Treatment of Gait Problems in Cerebral Palsy. London, UK: MacKeith Press; 2004.

  7. Seymour R. Prosthetics and Orthotics: Lower Limb and Spine. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, SAD: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

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