The goal is to acquire knowledge, skills and develop independence and accountability in basic health care of patients as well as competencies that are important in nursing care. 

History of nursing

Definition of health care, theory and conceptual models 

Factors that influence health care: social, cultural, spiritual, economic and political 

Organisation models of nursing care in primary, secondary, tertiary health protection 

Nursing terminology

General procedures in preventing infections 

Basic human needs and their relationship in regards to health care 

Breathing – assessment of patient condition, impact of factors on fulfilling the needs to breath, interventions of a nursing bachelor 

Food and fluid intake – assessment of patient condition (standards, nutritive needs, habits, lack of food and fluid intake) feeding, artificial ways of nutrition

Elimination of waste material – assessment of elimination functions of patient – features of excretions – normal and pathological 

Care for patient who cannot fulfil the need of elimination (obstipation, diarrhoea, incontinence of stool/urine. Clyster. Catheterisation. Taking excretion samples for laboratory examinations 

Mobility - assessment of patient condition; impact of limited mobility on the body. 

Prevention of complications due to prolonged bed rest 

Sleep and rest – assessment of condition, habits, conditions that will ensure patient’s sleep

Dress and undress - assessment of patient condition and intervention of nursing bachelor 

Body temperature – assessment and measuring, nursing care for patient with high fever, application of procedures that will support physiological processes and ensure desired external factors 

Personal hygiene, protection of skin and mucosa – assessment of skin condition, mucosa, help with fulfilling needs

Patient safety – assessment and protection from mechanical injuries, physical risks, hospital-acquired infections, violence

Communication with others to express needs and feelings 

Fulfilling religious needs – assessment for life in accordance with their religion 

Work, productive activity and recreation – assessment, habits, adjustment to patient’s abilities

Learning – assessment and patient’s abilities, patient education and education evaluation 

Documentation in health care

Application of medication  

Obavezna literatura:

  1. Fučkar G. Proces zdravstvene njege. Zagreb: Medicinski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu; 1992.
  2. Henderson V. Osnovna načela zdravstvene njege. Zagreb: HUSE i HUMS; 1994.
  3. Barać, I. Osnove zdravstvene njege. (radni listovi) Osijek: Medicinski fakultet Osijek, Studij sestrinstva; 2014.
  4. Springhouse Publishing Company Staff. Handbook of nursing procedures by Springhouse. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001.


Dopunska literatura:

  1. Tomey AM, Alligood MR. Nursing Theorists and their work. St Louis: Mosby; 2002.
  2. Brown P. Florence Nightingale. Zagreb: Illyricum; 1995.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

1. compare theories and models of health care and their definitions

2. analyze the factors that affect health care

3. apply nursing terminology

4. implement measures to prevent infection and the safety rules for safe work

5. apply ethical principles and communication skills

6. classify basic human needs and their relationship to health care

7. assess the needs for health care and the type of health nursing assistance in meeting basic human needs (breathing, food and fluid intake, elimination, mobility, sleep and rest, dressing, maintaining a normal body temperature, personal hygiene communication, work, learning and curiosity, religion); 

8. apply the prescribed therapy respecting the rules

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